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First national round table

24 October 2001

The contribution of protected areas to sustainable economic development in Cambodia

Hang Chuon Naron, Deputy Secretary General of Ministry of Economy and Finance

A draft paper on this subject was presented by Dr. Hang Chuon Naron at the round table. The finalised version will be available here soon. The structure of the presentation is given below.

 

Rationale for natural resource conservation
Effective instruments for forest conservation in Cambodia

  • Regulatory Command & Control
  • Economic instruments Market Based Instruments (Incentive based instruments)
  • Institutional:
    • Community based management
    • Co-management
  • Moral suasion
    • Community based instruments
    • Ethical, moral, and duty of care
The role of the policy mix in forest conservation in Cambodia

  • Command and Control mechanisms:
    Log export ban, cracking down on illegal logging, forest concession review.

  • Economic instruments:
    Introduction of secure property rights, full-cost pricing, realignment of resource allocation.

  • Institutional instruments:
    Draft Governmental Decree on Community Forestry (2001).

Overview of the Cambodian economy

  • Agriculture
    • Rice
    • Forestry
    • Fisheries
  • Industry
    • Manufacturing
    • Construction
  • Tourism
Description and analysis of macro economic policies, strategies and plans

  • The National Program to Rehabilitate and Develop Cambodia
  • Review of the First Social-Economic Development Plan for 1996-2000
  • The Government's Triangle Strategy
    • Peace and stability
    • Regional and international integration
    • Reforms: armed forces, public administration, judicial, economic
Sectoral strategies

  • Agriculture
  • Water resources management
  • Rural development
  • Rural roads
  • Land policy
  • Fostering macroeconomic stability
  • Accelerating economic growth
  • Facilitating private sector development

 

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